Wales Council of the Blind

Glossary Browser

Boccia health

Boccia is a precision ball sport, similar to bocce, and related to bowls and petanque. The name 'boccia' is derived from the Latin word for 'boss' - bottia. The sport is contested at local, national and international levels, by athletes with severe physical disabilities.

Clinic lead health

A designated person responsible for the development of a clinical service, ensuring the quality of care is good and best practice is maintained and upheld.

Clinical audit health

Clinical audit involves improving the quality of patient care by looking at current practice and modifying it where necessary.

Depression health

Depression is a low mood that lasts for a long time, and affects your everyday life. In its mildest form, depression can mean just being in low spirits. It doesn't stop you leading your normal life but makes everything harder to do and seem less worthwhile. At its most severe, depression can be life-threatening because it can make you feel suicidal.

Diabetic Eye Screening Wales health

The Diabetic Eye Screening Wales service checks for eye problems caused by having diabetes. Eye screening looks for damage to the back of the eye (diabetic retinopathy) which can lead to permanent sight loss. Making changes to your diabetes management, or having specialist treatment can slow or reverse changes caused by diabetic retinopathy. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, and are aged 12 or over, you will be invited to attend a screening appointment.

Eye Clinic Liaison Officer health

ECLOs work closely with medical and nursing staff in the eye clinic, as well as the sensory team in social services, to connect you with the practical and emotional support you need to understand your diagnosis, deal with your sight loss and maintain your independence.

Eye Health Examination Wales health

EHEW is one of the Wales Eye Care Services. It enable patients with sudden onset eye problems and those in at-risk categories for developing eye disease or those who would find losing their sight particularly difficult, to obtain a free eye examination from an accredited optometrist in the community.

General Ophthalmic Services (GOS) health

The provision of sight tests when clinically necessary to eligible patients by optometrists or ophthalmic medical practitioners including providing optical vouchers to eligible patients to assist them in the purchase of glasses or contact lenses.

HLA-B27 health

Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B27 is implicated in certain eye disorders such as acute anterior uveitis and iritis, psoriatic arthritis and ulcerative colitis associated spondyloarthritis.

Local Health Board health

The overall function of a Welsh Local Health Board is to improve the health of the responsible population, develop primary health services, and commission community and secondary care services. A Welsh Local Health Board will, if it so wishes and is capable of doing so, be able to provide directly a range of community health services, creating new opportunities to integrate primary and community health services as well as health and social care provision.

Low Vision Service Wales (LVSW) health

If you already have a vision impairment or low vision, an optometrist can help you make the best use of the sight you have. They start by carrying out a low vision assessment. This assessment could, for instance, show that magnifiers or better lighting at home would help you. They can also advise you about other people and organisations who may be able to help you with transport, benefits or simple things to make life easier around the house. Certain magnifiers and low vision aids (LVAs) are provided by the Wales General Opthalmic Service for Low Vision and paid for by the Welsh Government. So they won’t cost you a penny.

Medical health

Of or pertaining to the practice of medicine. The medical model of Disability focuses on impairments rather than social and attitudinal barriers cf. Social Model of Disability.

Mental illness health

Serious mental illness includes diagnoses which typically involve psychosis (losing touch with reality or experiencing delusions) or high levels of care, and which may require hospital treatment. Two of the most common severe mental illnesses are schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (or manic depression).

NHS Wales (GIG Cymru) health

NHS Wales:Gwasanaeth Iechyd Gwladol Cymru is the publicly funded healthcare system of Wales and is the responsibility of the Welsh Government. It provides emergency services and a range of primary care, secondary care and specialist tertiary care services

NHS Wales Shared Services Partnership (SSP) health

The NHS Wales Shared Services Partnership is a dedicated Shared Services organisation which shares common operating standards in line with best practice, has sufficient scale to optimise economies of scale and purchasing power and has an excellent customer care ethos and focus on service quality. They support the statutory Health Boards and NHS Trusts in Wales and provide professional advice and support to Welsh Government.

optician health

Opticians or Dispensing Opticians are regulated by the General Optical Council (GOC). A dispensing optician advises on, fits and supplies the most appropriate spectacles after taking account of each patient's visual, lifestyle and vocational needs. Dispensing opticians also play an important role in fitting contact lenses and advising and dispensing low vision aids to those who are partially sighted and in advising on and dispensing to children where appropriate.

optometrist health

Optometry is a specialized health care profession that involves examining the eyes and related structures for defects or abnormalities. Optometrists are health care professionals who typically provide comprehensive primary eye care. Since 2009, optometrists in the UK have been able to undertake additional postgraduate training and qualifications that allow them to prescribe medications to treat and manage eye conditions.

Optometry Wales health

Optometry Wales is the professional umbrella organisation for all community optometrists, opticians and dispensing opticians in Wales. It represents the profession in lobbying and negotiation with Welsh Government, responding to consultations and ensuring the profession is represented at all levels in Wales

Post-payment Verification (PPV) health

A process of financial audit of NHS claims. PPV is carried out by the Shared Services Partnership (SSP) in-line with an agreed protocol. The SSP is entitled to inspect records relating to NHS patients, including mixed NHS and private records relating to a patient.

Primary Eyecare Acute Referral Service (PEARS) health

An eye examination for patients with an eye problem requiring urgent attention that was available from the community optometrist free of charge to the patient. This service was available from 2003-2012 but has been superseded by the EHEW.

Vision Impairment health

Visual impairment, vision impairment, or low vision is a severe reduction in vision that cannot be corrected with standard glasses or contact lenses and reduces a person's ability to function at certain or all tasks.

Wales Eye Care Service (WECS) health

A new group of eyecare services structured so that patients can be managed appropriately and effectively by optometrists in the community. It includes Eye Health Examination Wales (EHEW), Low Vision Service Wales (LVSW) and the Diabetic Eye Screening Wales (DESW). The services are free to patients in Wales who are eligible under one of the stated categories for each services.

Wales Optometry Postgrad Education Centre (WOPEC) health

WOPEC is the first postgraduate education centre for optometry in the world and is dedicated to excellence in eye care education through quality and independence. WOPEC provides short courses for optometrists and eye care professionals as well as certified postgraduate courses and helps to facilitate training and accreditation for the WECS. It is located in the School of Optometry in Cardiff University.

Welsh Government (WG)/ Llywodraeth Cymru health

The Welsh Government is the devolved Government for Wales. It has legislative powers in key areas of public life such as health, education and the environment.

Welsh Optometric Committee (WOC) health

The Welsh Optometric Committee (WOC) is the Statutory Advisory Committee to the Welsh Government (WG), advising on all aspects of optometry and optometrists issues in Wales. It consists of Members from Regional Optometric Committees, Cardiff University School of Optometry and the Hospital Eye Service in Wales. It has observers from WG, WOPEC, and a reciprocal observer from the Ophthalmology Specialist Advisory Group (OSAG: part of Welsh Medical Committee). It occasionally commissions sub-groups for the purposes of developing particular areas of influence.