Glossary Browser

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Safeguarding Glossary Term

The process of responding to concerns that a vulnerable person (or people) are being, or are at risk of being abused, neglected or exploited. This will result in an investigation into the alleged behaviour, and often a protection plan to prevent it recurring. Although the local authority takes the lead on adult safeguarding, the responsibility for safeguarding adults lies with every agency.
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Self Advocacy Glossary Term

Some people are able to self-advocate: this means speak up for themselves without assistance to ensure that their needs and wishes are clearly expressed and acted upon. Others need assistance. Advocates and advocacy services exist to give independent help to enable people to take control of their lives, explore and express their own needs and access the services and support they need to meet their needs.
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Self Funding Glossary Term

When an individual has sufficient funds and is able to make arrangements for and pay privately for their care services.
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Self-directed Support Glossary Term

Is the term used for when people choose their services, organise their care and arrange for payments to be made. This is because the individual who requires the service is directing their own care and has choice when it comes to their support.
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Service Providers Glossary Term

Organisations of all shapes and sizes which run activities designed to help other people in some way.
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Service Users Glossary Term

These are people who receive health and social care services. They may be individuals who live in their own homes, are staying in care or are being cared for in hospital. Some groups note an inferred power relationship from this term and prefer to be referred to as People Who Use Services (PWUS).
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Social Care Glossary Term

Any form of support or help given to someone to assist them in taking their place in society.
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Social Care Register Glossary Term

The Social Care Register is a register of people who work in social care, and have been assessed as trained and fit to be in the workforce. The register is maintained and policed by the General Social Care Council (GSCC). Social workers and social work students are currently the only groups joining the register. Over time, social care workers of all levels will be registered -from care workers through to directors of social services. Registration will ensure that those working in social care meet rigorous registration requirements and will hold them to account for their conduct by codes of practice. Qualifications, health and good character are checked as part of the registration process. Registered social workers are also required to complete post-registration training and learning activities before renewing their registration every three years.
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Social Inclusion Glossary Term

Strategies which seek to ensure participation by targeting communities marginalised by lack of economic opportunity, educational achievement or other barriers.
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Social Worker Glossary Term

Social workers help protect vulnerable adults and children from abuse and help people to live more successfully within their local communities by helping them find solutions to their problems. To succeed, social workers must work not only with people who use services, but with their families, neighbours and friends as well as with other organisations such as the police, the NHS and schools. The title 'social worker' has been protected by law in England since 1 April 2005 and all social workers are required to maintain registration on the Social Care Register administered and policed by the General Social Care Council (GSCC).
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Specialist Social Worker (VI) Glossary Term

A Social Worker with specific knowledge and experience around supporting service users with sight loss.
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Stakeholders Glossary Term

People or organisations which have an interest in a proposed development or idea.
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Statutory Agencies Glossary Term

Official organisations set up according to written laws of central government.
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Support Plan/Support Planning Glossary Term

A Support Plan says how people will spend their budget to get the life they want. People who use services can get help to make a plan - perhaps from family or friends, or pay someone who specialises in planning. A person's local authority must agree the plan before they get their support money.
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Supported Self Assessment Glossary Term

Individuals will be able to have as much say in their Support Plan as they are able. Some may be able to complete this entirely by themselves, or with help from others, and some people may want social care staff to support them to complete it.
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Sarcoidosis Glossary Term

A condition where abnormal lumps or nodules form in one or more parts of the body, which may include the eyes.
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Severely sight impaired (SSI) Glossary Term

Term used to describe someone with severe sight loss. Formerly know as 'blind', this category is used by Social Services Departments for registration purposes. (See Sight impaired (SI)).
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Sight impaired (SI) Glossary Term

Term used to describe someone with sight loss. Formerly know as 'partially sighted', this category is used by Social Services Departments for registration purposes. (See Severely sight impaired (SSI)).
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Sjogrens syndrome Glossary Term

A disorder of the immune system. White blood cells attack the body's tear and saliva glands, which reduces the amount of saliva and tears produced, causing a dry mouth and dry eyes, along with other related symptoms.
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Squint in childhood Glossary Term

A problem when the eyes stop working together as a pair and therefore do not look in the same direction.
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Stargardt's disease Glossary Term

Causes some of the cells on the macula to stop working leading to problems with central vision, detailed vision and sometimes with colour perception.
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Stickler syndrome Glossary Term

A genetic progressive condition, which affects the body's collagen (connective tissue). Possible impacts on the eye include cataracts, glaucoma & high risk of retinal detachment.
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Stroke-related eye conditions Glossary Term

Stroke can result in visual field loss, blurry vision, double vision and moving images.
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Scanner Glossary Term

A scanner is a device which captures an image of a page and enters it into the computers memory so it can then be manipulated as required. In conjunction with OCR software the text in the image can be extracted and read back using a screen reader.
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Screen magnification software Glossary Term

Screen magnification software can magnify the text, menus and icons on a computer or mobile phone screen. Because screen magnification software increases the size of the image displayed on the screen, only a portion of the original screen image can be seen at one time. Normally the magnification will automatically follow the area of attention, for example the cursor.
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Screen reader Glossary Term

Screen readers sends screen text displayed on a computer or mobile phone screen to be spoken by a speech synthesiser. Common features include the ability to speak text on the full screen, a user defined area of the screen, a line, a word, individual letters or the phonetic equivalent of a letter and punctuation. A screen reader allows menus, dialog boxes, tool tips and system messages to be read back. A screen reader is designed to enable a blind person to use a computer fully.
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Smart phone Glossary Term

A smart phone is an advanced mobile phone, that allows you to do more than just make phone calls and send text messages. A typical smart phone might let you browse the internet and download apps. The iPhone and the HTC are very well known examples of smart phones.
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Social networking Glossary Term

Social networks is a term used for websites like Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. You use a social networking site to expand your social contacts by making connections with individuals and creating communities. It's also a fun way to keep in touch with friends and maybe to make some new acquaintances!
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SEN Code of Practice Glossary Term

a document from the government which provides practical advice to those carrying out their statutory duties to identify, assess and make provision for children's special educational needs.
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SEN Disabilty Tribunal (SENDIST) Glossary Term

This is an independent tribunal set up by an Act of Parliament for determining appeals by parents against their LA about children's SENs, where parents cannot reach agreement with the LA. SENDIST also considers parents' claims of disability discrimination in schools.
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SEN provision Glossary Term

the additional or different help/support given to children with special educational needs.
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Special Educational Needs (SEN) Glossary Term

The 1996 Education Act defines a child as having Special Educational Needs "if they have a learning difficulty which calls for special educational provision to be made for them". Children have a learning difficulty if they: have a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of children of the same age; OR have a disability which prevents or hinders them from making use of educational facilities of a kind generally provided for children of the same age in schools within the area of the local authority; OR are under compulsory school age and fall within the definition at a. or b. above or would do so if special educational provision was not made for them. (Sec. 312 Education Act 1996) Special Educational Provision means: "...educational provision which is additional to, or otherwise different from, the educational provision made generally for children of their age in schools maintained by the Local Authority..."
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Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENCO) Glossary Term

the teacher with responsibility for the planning and monitoring of the special educational provision within your child's school.
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Statement of Special Educational Needs Glossary Term

A legal document that sets out a child's Special Educational Needs and the specific help he or she must receive.
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Social model of disability Glossary Term

The social model of disability identifies systemic barriers, negative attitudes and exclusion by society (purposely or inadvertently) that mean society is the main contributory factor in disabling people.
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Support group Glossary Term

Formal or informal group aiming to assist each other in overcoming problems and to share experiences.
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